SCOPING REVIEWS

Scoping reviews are conducted to map the depth and breadth of a topic based on diverse literature sources (i.e., not limited to peer-reviewed literature). Scoping reviews are well-suited as an exploratory methodology (e.g., to identify concepts or definitions of a topic; uncover types of evidence and/or gaps about a topic) that can be used as a starting point for other empirical inquiries.

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STRENGTHS + WEAKNESSES

Scoping Reviews

 

STRENGTHS

  • Produces a synthesis of an existing and evolving body of literature

  • Identify gaps in the literature 

  • Identify areas for future empirical work

  • Well-suited to the exploratory research questions 

  • Include grey literature such as dissertations, papers in practice journals, editorials, position statements, and websites

  • Provide an opportunity for stakeholder consultation, such as with practitioners, students, and educators

  • Multiple methodological frameworks have evolved from and expanded upon Arksey and O'Malley's seminal paper on scoping reviews

WEAKNESSES

  • Selecting terms for a comprehensive search strategy, especially when the literature is emerging and less well-known

  • Some topics are ill-defined, which can lead to different terms and definitions for the same topic

  • Resource intensive

  • Heterogeneity of the data and team members' differing perspectives will likely require reflection and discussion to allow for collaborative decision-making and to produce meaningful results

  • Possible misconceptions related to the purpose, scope, and rigor of scoping reviews

SCOPING REVIEWS:

Supporting Documents to Download

 

SCOPING REVIEWS:
6-STEPS INFOGRAPHIC

JGMEScopingReviewDLGuide.png
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SCOPING REVIEWS:
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS
(JGME PUBLICATION)

SCOPING REVIEWS:
HOW-TO GUIDE
(JGME PUBLICATION)

Business Plan

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Scoping Reviews

 
Navigating in Woods

HOW-TO/REPORTING GUIDES

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Doctor's Desk

MEDED SPECIFIC GUIDES

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Book of Laws

EXAMPLES OF SCOPING REVIEWS

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