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INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS

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INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS

Theoretical integrative reviews focus on offering reformulation or integration of theories from a wide array of disciplines. Theoretical integrative reviews compare theories to propose why one theory is more compelling than others in a specific context; to suggest an extended or modified conceptualization of an existing theory; or to articulate a new theory that differs significantly from those already established in the literature.

Not sure this is the right review type to answer your research question(s)?

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STRENGTHS + WEAKNESSES

Integrative Reviews

Strengths

  • Clearly described approach to the critical examination of existing theory, a goal not shared by other types of reviews or knowledge syntheses

  • Well suited for interdisciplinary research as theories from many different domains are includes

  • Explicitly forward thinking by creating new knowledge, insights, and new theory through integration work

Weaknesses

  • Does not provide a concrete outcome

  • Will not present a defined, readily applicable, "evidence-based" solution to a specific problem

  • Product is advancement of theory and not refinement of practice

  • Requires authors and readers to focus on premises that explain a phenomenon, which is a task often reserved to philosophers and theorists 

INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS

Supporting Documents to Download

INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS:
4-STEPS Downloadable How-To Guide

INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS:
Theoretical Foundations
(Journal of Graduate Medical Education Publication)

INTEGRATIVE REVIEWS:
How-To Guide
(Journal of Graduate Medical Education Publication)

AUTHOR SPOTLIGHT

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LARA VARPIO, PhD

Lara Varpio is Professor, Department of Pediatrics Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Co-Director of Research in Medical Education The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Dr. Varpio’s research uses qualitative methodologies and methods, integrated with theories from the Social Sciences and Humanities, to investigate questions relating to how individuals (e.g. clinicians, patients, researchers, etc.) influence the performance of teams and organizations, and to how those teams and organizations impact on the individual. She also supports the broad medical education community by serving on editorial boards for several medical education journals, as an invited editor for many special editions and thematic articles series in journals, and as a host for the KeyLIME podcast.

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MICHAEL J. BATTISTONE, MD, PhD(c)

Michael J. Battistone is Associate Professor of Medicine and Rheumatology at the University of Utah. He has served as director of the first- and second-year physical diagnosis courses, medicine clerkship, and rheumatology fellowship programs at Utah, and currently is Director of the Advanced Fellowship in Health Professions Education, Evaluation, and Research (HPEER) at the George E. Wahlen Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Salt Lake City. Most recently, Dr. Battistone has enrolled in the doctoral program in Health Professions Education at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, where he is developing a program of research to explore the moral dimensions of medical education.

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LINE KEMEYOU, MD, FHFSA

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